In Thailand, the old capital of Ayutthaya was captured and destroyed by the Burmese army in and never rebuilt. Abandonment has been less common in Europe, partly because there has been less empty ground on which to begin anew, and partly because most European cities were founded on uniquely advantageous river crossings. The repair work was nearing completion when the Wermacht returned in and took the city with comparatively little damage.
World War II: The horror of war in pictures | srineserluothrow.ml
Nevertheless, a few European cities have been abandoned in recent times after living through war. In Spain, following the Battle of Belchite in , Francisco Franco declared that the remains of the city should be kept intact as a war memorial.
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The surviving inhabitants were relocated to Belchite Nuevo, on the far side of the old town. Similarly, in France, after the massacre of almost the entire civilian population of Oradour-sur-Glane in Limousin on 10 June , a decision was made to keep the ruins as a memorial. Some cities do bounce back and laugh — albeit bitterly — in the face of history.
The damage done to Warsaw in the second world war was unique in that after the failed uprising of August , Adolf Hitler personally ordered that the entire city be razed to the ground.
In the wake of war: the reconstruction of German cities after World War II
Eighty-five percent of the greater city was destroyed, while Old Warsaw and the Royal Castle were reduced to their foundations. Remarkably, the Poles set about rebuilding the centre of Warsaw exactly as it had looked before the war.
They went to extraordinary lengths, studying 18th-century views by Canaletto and Marcello Bacciarelli, and even travelling to Blenheim Palace to copy the great door lock, which was known to be a duplicate of the one at the Royal Castle. It was an act of defiance and remarkably well-executed, too. The process took nearly 30 years, topped off with the opening of a reconstruction of the castle in Berlin was not just damaged beyond visual recognition; its spirit was traumatised.
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At the war's end, observers thought that it would take forty years to rebuild, but by the late s West Germany's cities had risen anew. The housing crisis had been overcome and virtually all important monuments reconstructed, and the cities had reclaimed their characteristic identities.
Everywhere there was a mixture of old and new: historic churches and town halls stood alongside new housing and department stores; ancient street layouts were crossed or encircled by wide arteries; old city centers were balanced by garden suburbs laid out according to modern planning principles. In this book, Diefendorf examines the questions raised by this remarkable feat of urban reconstruction. He explains who was primarily responsible, what accounted for the speed of rebuilding, and how priorities were set and decisions acted upon. He argues that in such crucial areas as architectural style, urban planning, historic preservation, and housing policy, the Germans drew upon personnel, ideas, institutions, and practical experiences from the Nazi and pre-Nazi periods.
Diefendorf shows how the rebuilding of West Germany's cities after can only be understood in terms of long-term continuities in urban development. See All Customer Reviews. Shop Books.
Read an excerpt of this book! Add to Wishlist. USD Diefendorf presents a wealth of material on all aspects of reconstruction - from the bombing itself and removal of debris, to urban planning, architecture, and execution. Using the designs of city planners, the author examines continuities in urban planning and architecture that lead back into the Nazi era and before.
The text is accompanied by numerous photographs selected from hundreds in Diefendorf's collection.
Diefendorf presents a wealth of material on all aspects of reconstruction Elizabeth Harvey's lucid and scholarly analysis provides new insights into the troubled development of the Weimar welfare state, and adds important evidence to the debate over continuities in social. This impressive study is supported by a wide range of maps, diagrams, tables, photographs and sources culled by the author from over thirty archives. All this is woven.
Frank McDonough, History Today, August 'A chapter on the post-war agencies of reconstruction and a short conclusion on the success and failure of the reconstruction programmes gives the book a happy symmetry ITimes Literary Supplement Focusing on the experience of over thirty of Germany's largest cities, this is the first general account in English of the might efforts to rebuild urban Germany after The research effort and the command of detail are impressive and Professor Diefendorf tells the involved tale with clarity and style.
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